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Read about Sir Thomas in English

Sir Thomas More was born on the 7th of February 1478 in London, son of a prominent judge. He grew to be one of the greatest humanists of his time. Young Thomas received great education – he studied Greek and Latin literature in Oxford, as well as law in London. He did not follow in his father’s footsteps though. Having considered becoming a monk, More finally decided to get married. Nevertheless, Christian religion played a great role in his life. In 1504 More became a Member of Parliament and thus began his political career which culminated in 1529, when he was appointed the Lord Chancellor. His fall came quickly afterwards. In 1534, having refused to swear before the king Henry VIII to the Act of Succession and the Oath of Supremacy, More was found guilty of treason and subsequently beheaded on 6th of July 1535.

Twenty-seven-year-old More married a seventeen-year-old Jane Colt. They had three daughters, Margaret, Elizabeth, and Cecily, and a son, John. Unfortunately, Jane died within six years of marriage. Because More needed a mother for his children, he re-married not long after. His second wife, Alice Middleton, was seven years older than himself. Although, owing to his political career, More had to travel a lot, he loved his family dearly and was always glad to be home. When abroad, he wrote letters to his children whenever he could and encouraged them to write to him as often as possible. More educated all his children with care, choosing the best teachers and tutors of Latin, Greek, Philosophy, Theology, Mathematics, and Astronomy. This was a somewhat revolutionary approach to education since at that time only men were entitled to it. More proved that women had the same intellectual capacities as men. Furthermore, More was famous for his great sense of humour which enabled him to make new acquaintances easily. He criticized extravagance, arrogance, and brutality of kings, their lack of care for the poor, and reducing the value of money. In his book, Utopia, private property does not exist, men and women are educated alike, and there is almost complete religious toleration, an image of what an ideal state should look like.

He truly was "The King's good servant, but God's first." 



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